5 Common Causes of Masonry Damage

Masonry buildings are still quite common in residential, commercial, and industrial construction. The masonry materials and technology contribute to the strength, durability, energy efficiency, fire-resistance, sound-proofing, and thermal mass of a structure. Despite these benefits, masonry damage can occur for a variety of reasons.

Moisture Penetration

Moisture is one of the most common causes of failure for masonry buildings. Water can easily seep into masonry walls exposed to the weather, and this might cause their structural integrity to be compromised. Water leaking into a masonry wall and freezing and thawing will put pressure on the entire structure.


Masonry structures are prone to fractures. They can happen as a result of settlement or moisture penetration. Preparing mortar incorrectly can also cause cracks in the joints. Natural catastrophes, such as earthquakes and floods, can put pressure on a masonry wall or foundation, resulting in fractures.


Exterior-facing masonry walls are susceptible to staining and can be a significant issue for home owners concerned with the aesthetic appeal of their property. When masonry materials or mortar come into touch with the elements, staining occurs. Water seepage and deteriorating walls are the most common causes of masonry staining.

Bond Failure

In masonry, bricks and stones must remain intact to assure the structural integrity of the construction. The deterioration of adhesion between these materials is a typical issue in building construction. It causes bulging or peeling, hollow regions, and flaking top layers.


Bricks or building stones may fall off the masonry wall as a result of spalling. It is an issue caused by moisture entry, freezing, and thawing over a long period of time. It can also be caused by masonry wall stress.

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